Montenegro is located in Southeast Europe and has an area of 13,812 square kilometres, which represents 0.31% of the total area of the EU-28. The total length of the land borders is 614 km. In the west and part of the northern border with Bosnia and Herzegovina (225 km or 36.6% of the total land border), in the north and northeast with Serbia and Kosovo (203 km or 33.1%), in the southeast with Albania (172 km or 28%) in the southwest with Croatia (14 km or 2.3%). The length of the Adriatic coast is 293.5 kilometres. According to the census, which was started by MONSTAT in 2011, Montenegro has 620,029 inhabitants. The population density is 45 inhabitants per square kilometer on average, which places Montenegro among the countries with the lowest settlement density in Europe (with exceptional Nordic countries).
The sectors of tourism, energy and agriculture are the carriers of the Montenegrin economy. The importance of the agricultural sector is reflected in its high share in total GDP. This sector accounts for 6.4% of gross domestic product in 2019. Gross value added in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sector in 2019 increased by 0.8% or EUR 2.6 million compared to 2018. According to preliminary data, the total number of cattle in 2019 is around 81,500. Compared to 2018, it is lower by 2.2%. In 2019, the total number of goats was 28,754 and was lower by 1% compared to 2018, while the total number of sheep was 182,127 and lower by 2.6%. The number of pigs and poultry decreased in 2019, so that the number of pigs decreased by 2.4%, while the number of poultry decreased by 4.6%, compared to 2018. Used agricultural land in 2019 amounts to 257,469.6 ha, which compared to 2018 represents an increase of 0.3%. The total use of agricultural land is dominated by areas of perennial meadows and pastures with a share of 94.3%, while arable land is represented by 2.8%, permanent crops 2.1% and backyards 0.8%.
In the absence of quantity of production, Montenegro has strategically opted for the production of quality agricultural products, and therefore is not accepted both administratively and the situation in terms of creating conditions for the production of quality agricultural products. In accordance with the above, in the legislative sense, the area of policy quality in Montenegro is largely in line with EU regulations. In contrast to most Western Balkan countries, there is a certain level of flexibility in Montenegro regarding the registration of traditional products processing facilities, its legal framework can be a good model for other Western Balkan countries / territories where milk and meat processing targets face obstacles during the procedure. registration.
Extracted and reworked from the document: “Report on BPs on quality schemes and consumer Health in Montenegro”. The report is one of the deliverables under the activity ” Exchange and knowledge transferring of Best practices on quality schemes and consumer health ” WPT1 ”Improving the coss-border framework conditions for the valorization of the agri-food and fisheries value-chain” .