If we compare with the area of vineyards of the world’s leading wine countries, the areas under vineyards of Montenegro are not large. However, in relation to the areas of other agricultural crops or areas under vineyards of some surrounding countries, Montenegro has significant wine-growing areas, if we take into account the total area of the country and the needs of the population and tourists. Based on MONSTAT data, the total area under vineyards, including modern plantation vineyards, but also vineyards in backyards, in 2019 amounted to 2,991.5 ha.3
In contrast to the trend of decreasing areas under vineyards in some countries in the region and Europe, the existing areas under vineyards in Montenegro are at a stable level. During the ten-year period (2010–2019), the area under vineyards increased by 285.6 ha, which is an annual increase of close to one percent. Given that the new regionalization of wine-growing geographical production areas in 2017 expanded the area where you can successfully grow vines and produce high quality grapes and wine, there are conditions for more intensive raising of vineyards, especially in areas where they can not cultivate other agricultural crops.
Of the total area under vineyards, the largest share is occupied by modern plantation vineyards intended for the commercial production of grapes and wine. According to MONSTAT data, the area under plantation vineyards in 2019 was 2,880.00 ha (96.27%), and under vineyards grown in backyards 111.5 ha (3.73%). Although vineyards in backyards are not of primary importance for the development of the viticulture and winemaking sector of Montenegro, as is the case with plantation vineyards, due to the importance they may have for the additional activity of the socalled. small producers in this analysis we also included such vineyards. Looking at plantation vineyards and backyard vineyards separately, the trend of raising vineyards in Montenegro in the last ten years has been different. Namely, the areas under plantation vineyards increased slightly, and under vineyards in backyards slightly decreased. The area of plantation vineyards in the ten-year period 2010-2019. ranged from 2,535.7 ha, as it was in 2010, to the mentioned 2,880.00 ha in 2019. Regarding the area under vineyards in the backyards, from 170.2 ha in 2010, the area decreased to 111.5 ha in 2019.
Extracted and reworked from the document: “Report on BPs on quality schemes and consumer Health in Montenegro”. The report is one of the deliverables under the activity ” Exchange and knowledge transferring of Best practices on quality schemes and consumer health ” WPT1 ”Improving the coss-border framework conditions for the valorization of the agri-food and fisheries value-chain” .