Since the last sector analysis in 2014, and the estimated total number of about 490,000 olive trees (old and new plantations in total), the olive growing sector in Montenegro has expanded by increasing the total number of planted olive trees – estimates range between 5,000 and 10,000 new olives planted per year (participant estimate), reaching a figure of between 30,000 and 60,000 new olive trees planted since 2014, mostly plantations, ranging in size from 50 – 100 trees, to over 15,000 trees planted in a single plantation.
Current projections for the future development of the sector, according to available information from relevant stakeholders, envisage the planting of a further 50,000 olive trees over the next 2-3 years; which means that the olive sector will add between approximately 80,000 and 110,000 new olive trees during the period 2014- 2024. This is clear evidence of the continuation of the reversal of the long-term downward trend of the sector, which was continuous until about ten years ago. In principle, the vast majority of new plantations are modern plantations: a significant proportion of existing orchards are irrigated, including the vast majority of new plantations. The data obtained during the analysis indicate a clear trend of increasing / expanding existing orchards, and planting new orchards on marginal but also productive lands, with a clear intention to achieve economies of scale, aimed at commercial olive oil production. The trend of planting new orchards in the interior, in the region around Podgorica and Danilovgrad, where there are a total of more than 40 ha of planted plantations, with the potential for further growth.
If this trend continues in the future, the Montenegrin olive sector could reach by 2030 approximately the same number of olive trees last reported after World War II, thus completely reversing the losses of the primary sector suffered in the last 80 years (provided that there is no significant devastation of existing and old olive groves).
Extracted and reworked from the document: “Report on BPs on quality schemes and consumer Health in Montenegro”. The report is one of the deliverables under the activity ” Exchange and knowledge transferring of Best practices on quality schemes and consumer health ” WPT1 ”Improving the coss-border framework conditions for the valorization of the agri-food and fisheries value-chain” .